Exposition-exhibition work

Exposition Halls

 

History and culture of the Saki

Exhibits of the hall clearly demonstrate the development of the material and spiritual culture of the Scythian-Saki tribes settled in ancient times on the impressive territories of the steppe belt of Eurasia.img_6858-1024x683 img_6860-1024x683

The original and copies of the items of military and horse equipment, objects of everyday life and decoration, exhibits of cultic use from the burial grounds of Issyk, Shubart, Molali, Araltobe (5th-4th centuries BC), Shilikti barrows (VII century BC. E.), Berel (V-IV centuries BC) and others — are witnesses of the Saki period of domestic history.

A significant part of the real exhibits of the museum is pottery, which was produced in the Semirechye and was used in the life of the local tribes in large numbers. Apparently, this was due, above all, to their semi-nomadic way of life, in the conditions of which the need for the use of ceramic dishes gradually grew as they are more convenient and less costly compared to metal ware.

For functional purposes, the dishes were divided into kitchen (kazan), dining room and household (aquifers and vessels for storing liquid food products). As for external outlines and forms, small squat vessels of rounded forms became widespread in the Semirechye. But, of course, there were other forms. This, in particular, is a large jug of tea-shaped form with a bloated body — an accidental finding in the Alatau burial ground (VII-V centuries BC). The vessel, it can be visually observed, was made on a potter’s wheel. Notable, wealthy people could afford this — easel dishes. Uneven rough surface, as well as some incompleteness of the shape of other vessels, indicate that they are made by hand by ordinary members of the community.

Tableware is also represented by massive big mugs with a loop-shaped flat handle, intended, apparently, to drink water or milk. In addition, there were cups of much smaller sizes with the same handles and small jugs without handles. The latter, in the opinion of scientists, had, most likely, a ritual appointment.

 

img_6852-1024x683

The Golden Man

Since the opening of the «Golden Man», in different years scientists have created three options for the reconstruction of clothing of the Saki Prince. According to the scientific project of the scientist-archeologist K.Akishev, who led the excavation of the Issyk mound, restorer V.Sadomskov in 1973 managed to recreate clothes, headgear, shoes and weapons of the «golden prince». This reconstruction was exhibited and gained fame in many countries around the world. Artist-restorer A. Tanabayev in 1992 created his version of the reconstruction of the costume of the «Golden Man». And in 1996, under the order of the President of the country N.Nazarbayev restorer K.Altynbekov fulfilled the third variant of the reconstruction, which is exhibited in the museum reserve. Reconstructions are different by a system of arrangement of gold ornaments on the headdress, by all signs being the king’s crown and separate additions.

img_3498-1024x683 img_3504-1024x683

The crown of the «Golden Man» is an example of a symbolic representation of the Saki about the cosmos. This is a kind of model of the world, which was represented as a combination of three worlds: the lower world — the dungeon, the middle — the earth, the upper world — the sky. The world had four sides: the right, left, front and back. The front side is the eastern part, the back is the western part. Ornaments on it are divided into three horizontal tiers. The crown is framed in a circle by the image of a chain of golden mountains and trees. At the foot of the mountains were placed «earth animals» — tigers, goats. On the tops of the mountains are birds, winged tigers (tigrogryphones). Ornamental frieze means the world mountain range, which, according to the idea of ​​the Saki, surrounds the world from all sides. Ornament symbolizes the three-part organization of the world: the underworld — the earth — the sky.

On four cross-shaped points of ring friezes are images of animals — protectors of the four corners of the world.             In front of the headdress there is a solar emblem — a symbol of the whole cosmos: four winged horses and four golden arrows. It is a kind of a sign of power over all three worlds and four parts of the world that the sun goes around on its way.             The imposition of such a headdress was interpreted as the transfer of power over the entire mythological cosmos to the leader. The leader personified the center of the universe, and all the symbols on his clothes and headdress are mythological representations of the Saki about the structure of the world.

 

Archeology of Kazakhstan

Diverse and interesting is the material covering the periods from the ancient stone-age to the late Middle Age. It reflects the epoch-making events for several millennia: here are the movements of the Aryans on the way to the new civilizations of India and the Middle East; The great migration of nations, originating from the birth and decline of the Hun Empire to the unification of scattered Hunnic tribes led by the formidable Attila within Eastern Europe; Huge empires of the Türks, stretching from the Pacific Ocean to the Danube, from the taiga forests of Siberia to the jungles of Hindustan; A network of urban complexes, with noisy bazaars and craft settlements, experienced the arrival and departure of the numerous hordes of Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, which predetermined the mutual enrichment of cultures and nations. Artifacts of history, scattered on the vast territory of the present Republic of Kazakhstan, testify to these important events.

img_4077-1024x683 img_4072-e1500028251495-683x1024 img_4071-e1500028231454-683x1024 img_4078-1024x683

From the list of the event canvas the dawn of the Great Silk Road plays a special role. The functioning of its ramified routes was an important factor in the development of civilizations in China, Central Asia, India, Ancient Egypt, Persia, Arabia and Ancient Rome.

The main measure of the cost of goods and services on the Silk Road, as now, was money. In Arabic, gold coins were called «dinars», silver — «dirhems», copper — «fels». In the exposition you can see silver coins of the Karakhanid era (XI-XII centuries), found at Talhir (Talhiz), the so-called modern city of Talgar in the Middle Ages. Talhiz was a large city of Semirechye, was on the southern outskirts of modern Talgar, on the banks of the same named river. The city occupied a key position on the international routes of the Silk Road. Coins minted in the cities of Central Asia and found on the Talgar settlement, vividly illustrate the breadth of trade ties in those distant times. Judging by the findings of the blanks, Talhir had his own mint.

 

Memorial office of B. Nurmukhanbetov

Bekmukhanbet Nurmukhanbetov, a well-known Kazakhstan archaeologist and tireless propagandist of the history of the Semirechye Saki, was born in 1935. He took part in many scientific expeditions led by Academician A. Margulan and Professor K. Akishev, and later headed the Semirechenskaya archaeological expedition. Beken-ata, as all respectfully called him, is the author of about 50 scientific and 200 popular science articles on history, archeology, and museology. He is one of the pioneer founders of a sensational burial in one of the burial mounds of the Issyk burial ground in 1970, when as a result of the excavations at the site of the motor depot under construction, an unsealed royal burial was discovered — the burial mound of the Golden Man.

img_4094-1024x683 img_3457-1024x683

From 2010 until his death on June 12, 2016, Beken Nurmukhanbetov worked in the museum reserve «Issyk». For his services, he received the Certificate of Honor of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the title of honorary citizen of Enbekshikazakh district, a breastplate «Honorary Worker of Tourism of the Republic of Kazakhstan». He was a gifted person, possessed an exceptional archaeological sense, and was a good storyteller, and a mentor. He was called a «golden man», emphasizing not only his services in the opening of the monument, but also for his beautiful human qualities. In memory of the «golden man» and a talented archaeologist, his study room in the museum reserve is open to visitors as a memorial.

Since 2017 the hall of temporary exhibitions has been working. Mostly it implements curatorial projects, one way or another related to the theme of the reserve museum.            The first was the exhibition «Secrets of the Golden Man», dedicated to new finds that came to the museum fund, which reveal a number of riddles in a series of events related to the discovery and subsequent study of a sensational find in the Issyk mound. The next exhibition project «The Golden Map of Museums of Almaty Region» is an attempt to create a «Gold Map» of museums in Almaty region, collecting valuable exhibits from all the museums of Almaty region in the city of Yssik, the birthplace of one of the bright symbols of Kazakhstan statehood.

Even the recreation — «The Staircase of Memory» — a literal staircase was funded a museum filling, each step of which turned into a certain historical milestone, «Hunting with hunting birds», tells about the peculiarities of the oldest kind of hunting — hunting with hunting birds based on archaeological and historical materials.

And, finally, the project «The Museum opens the Yssik», «migrated» to the Internet as a separate page in the Facebook, positioning the city of Yssik as a kind of door to the «Saki Valley», open to modern museum innovations.

 

© 2018. State historical-cultural reserve-museum
www.issykrm.kz